Carbon Footprint

The total amount of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide (CO2), emitted directly or indirectly by a business’s activities.

Carbon Offset

A financial investment in projects that reduce or remove greenhouse gas emissions to compensate for one’s own emissions.

Cogeneration (CHP - Combined Heat and Power)

A system that simultaneously generates electricity and useful heat from the same energy source, improving energy efficiency.

DNO (Distribution Network Operator)

Companies responsible for managing and maintaining the electricity distribution network in specific regions.

DCDA (Data Collector and Data Aggregator)

Services responsible for collecting and aggregating consumption data from electricity meters for billing and analysis.

Demand Response

A strategy where businesses adjust their electricity consumption in response to price signals or requests from the grid operator to balance supply and demand.

Energy Audit

An assessment of energy use in a business or facility to identify opportunities for energy efficiency improvements.

Energy Efficiency

The practice of using less energy to perform the same tasks, reducing energy consumption and costs.

Energy Management System (EMS)

Software or hardware systems that monitor and control energy usage in a business to optimise efficiency.

Energy Star

A certification program that identifies energy-efficient products and building.


The interconnected network of electricity transmission and distribution lines and substations.

MOP (Meter Operator)

Organisations responsible for installing and maintaining electricity meters, often on behalf of energy suppliers.

MPAN (Meter Point Administration Number)

A unique identifier for electricity meters at specific business premises.

MPRN (Meter Point Reference Number)

A unique reference number for gas meters at specific business premises.

Net Zero

Achieving a balance between the amount of greenhouse gases produced and the amount removed from the atmosphere, resulting in no net contribution to climate change.

Peak Demand

The maximum amount of electricity a business consumes at a specific time, typically during periods of high demand.

Power Factor

A measure of how efficiently electrical power is used in a business, with a high power factor indicating efficient usage.

Renewable Energy

Energy generated from renewable sources like wind, solar, hydro, or geothermal power, which is environmentally friendly and sustainable.

Scope 1, 2, and 3 Emissions

Categories used to classify greenhouse gas emissions. Scope 1 covers direct emissions, Scope 2 covers indirect emissions from purchased electricity, and Scope 3 covers other indirect emissions.


The pricing structure and terms of an energy contract, including rates, fees, and contract duration.

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